What Causes A Swollen Knee
Knee swelling from mild knee osteoarthritis, non-septic knee bursitis, or a minor injury can be treated at home with over-the-counter medication and the R.I.C.E. formula. ReadHow to Care for a Swollen Knee
Swelling in a knee joint may limit knee flexibility and function. For example, a person may find it difficult to fully bend or completely straighten a swollen knee, and the joint may naturally bend 15° to 25° while the leg is at rest.1 The swollen knee may also be painful, red, and/or difficult to put weight on.
Depending on the underlying condition, a swollen knee may be treated at home using the R.I.C.E. formula or may require medical treatment. A doctor can make an accurate diagnosis.
When To See A Doctor
There are times when inner knee pain requires more than an ice pack and Advil. You should consider seeing a doctor if:
- Your inner knee pain is due to trauma.
- The knee pain lasts more than a few weeks.
- The pain is significantly limiting your ability to move.
- The knee looks deformed or misshapen in any way.
- There is increased redness, swelling, warmth, tenderness, or pain .
You May Like: Whiten Knees Fast
Being Diagnosed With Venous Hypertension/insufficiencies
If your legs are tired, throbbing and painful, make a GP practice appointment. You may be given an appointment to see the nurse rather than the doctor as the nurses are also responsible for caring for patients with issues with their legs. Alternatively, there might be a Leg Club or a specialized leg clinic in your city. You dont need to be referred to your GP to access these clinics.
If you see a nurse or a doctor, they should:
- Ask about your symptoms and how long youve had issues
- Take a look at your lower legs
- A basic test called a Doppler ultrasound may also be provided. This test tests the blood pressure in your ankle and compares it to the pressure in your arm to see if you have issues with the blood supply in your lower leg.
You may also be given several extra tests to check for other health conditions that may affect your legs, such as diabetes and anemia. If your GP practice believes that your discomfort is caused by problems with your veins or arteries, you could be referred for further testing at your local hospital or clinic.
Don’t Miss: My Knee Hurts When I Bend It Backwards
These Stretches Will Help You With The Clicks And Pops
- Strengthen your quadriceps and gluteal muscles
- Help you with your squatting form
- Make you aware to stretch before applying a lot of pressure on the knees
If you are sitting most of the day or youre overworking, your muscles they can get quite stiff so its important that we help improve the muscle elasticity. We recommend investing in a foam roller. A basic foam roller can cost less than $10.
- Placing the foam roller on the floor and placing your front quads on top of it.
- Make sure you dont go over the knee cap and can reduce the pain level by putting more pressure on your arms.
- Move up and down slowly of the entire length of the muscle finding tight spots. Let it sit on thigh spots for a few seconds so it can work deeper into the tissue.
Foam Rolling Thigh
At Complete we see thousands of knee complaints every year, from an 80 year old gentleman with osteoarthritis to a 23 year old professional footballer following ACL reconstruction.
One of the most common questions we get in clinics is why does my knee click? So, if you have clicky knees you are certainly not alone!
Often the question is phrased slightly differently and patients relate it to certain activities, such as.
Why do my knees click when I walk?Why do my knees click when I squat?Why do my knees click when I go upstairs?Why do my knees click when I go downstairs?
Joints make a variety of noises, patients describe
popping, snapping, cracking, catching, grinding, grating and clunking!
Why Is My Knee Pain Worse At Night
There are many potential causes of knee pain at night. Some common causes include arthritis, bursitis, tendinitis, and meniscus tears. However, knee pain can also be caused by more serious conditions such as a fracture or tumor. If you are experiencing knee pain at night, it is important to see a doctor to determine the cause.
It is not uncommon for your sleep and quality of life to suffer as a result of knee pain at night. When uric acid levels are high, crystals form in joints, resulting in pain, swelling, and inflammation. Arthritis causes knee joint thinning, as well as the formation of bone spur, both of which contribute to joint space narrowing. In and around the knee joint, there is only so much space. When swelling or excess fluid forms in the joint as a result of an injury, such as a cartilage tear, the pressure rises. Because the bodys response to inflammation in the knee is to build up, it is most common at night. After a night of knee pain, there is a vicious cycle that begins.
Why does it matter at night? While activity during the day may cause pain in your knees at night, it is also possible to notice it as you slow down. According to Dr. Stearns, moving your joints keeps them lubricated as well.
Recommended Reading: Lump Near Shoulder Blade On Back
Urgent Advice: Get Advice From 111 Now If:
- your knee is very painful
- you cannot move your knee or put any weight on it
- your knee is badly swollen or has changed shape
- you have a very high temperature, feel hot and shivery, and have redness or heat around your knee this can be a sign of infection
111 will tell you what to do. They can tell you the right place to get help if you need to see someone.
Go to 111.nhs.uk or .
You can also go to an urgent treatment centre if you need to see someone now.
They’re also called walk-in centres or minor injuries units.
You may be seen quicker than you would at A& E.
Chronic Degenerative Meniscal Tear
If you’ve experienced swelling, joint pain, and a sensation that your knee is sticking or locking, the problem could be a chronic degenerative meniscal tear.
A meniscus is a rubbery cartilage cushion in your knee that helps to pad the joint. Each of your knees has two of them. “Sometimes these structures are torn during an injury, but in degenerative cases, the cartilage just becomes frayed and worn over time, resulting in a breakdown or tearing of the tissue,” says Dr. Breslow. When a meniscus is frayed, ragged edges or loose pieces may get stuck in the joint when it’s moving, causing a sensation that your knee is locking up. If this is happening, be sure to see your doctor.
How to treat it: Surgery is no longer the first-line treatment for this condition, says Dr. Breslow. “It used to be that most people got referred for an arthroscopic procedure to remove the torn meniscus or repair it,” she says. “But now research is showing that, in many cases, the condition can be treated non-operatively just as effectively.”
Clinicians are now more likely to recommend treating the condition with physical therapy. As is the case with patellofemoral pain syndrome, building up the muscles around the joint and in other parts of the body can ease pain, without the risk of complications. However, you may need surgery if a piece of the meniscus is interfering with the motion of the joint.
Also Check: Keychain Wallet With Wrist Strap
For Tendinitis Runners Knee Gout And Bursitis
The treatment for conditions that cause swelling, redness, and dull, burning pain usually starts with resting the joint. Ice your knee to control swelling. Elevate and stay off your joint to promote healing.
Your doctor may recommend or prescribe NSAIDs like ibuprofen. Lifestyle changes, such as wearing protective kneepads and going to physical therapy, can help you manage pain and experience fewer symptoms.
You may need to make changes to your diet, especially if youre treating gout.
How To Get Moving
Within the first 24 to 48 hours after your knee problem has started you should try to:
- reduce your activities but move as much as your symptoms allow
- put your leg in an elevated position, when resting
- move your knee gently for 10 to 20 seconds every hour when you’re awake
- avoid long periods on your feet
When using stairs it may help to:
- lead with your good leg when going upstairs to reduce the strain on your knee
- lead with your problem leg when going downstairs to reduce the strain on your knee
- use a handrail when going up and downstairs
After 48 hours:
- try to use your leg more – exercise really helps your knee and can relieve pain
- do whatever you normally would and stay at, or return to work – this is important and is the best way to get better
It’s beneficial to do specific exercises that can help in your recovery. They may be challenging at the beginning so just do what you can and try to build it up over time.
Keeping active’s the single best thing you can do for your general health.
Being physically active can:
- maintain your current levels of fitness even if you have to modify what you normally do, any activity is better than none
- keep your other muscles and joints strong and flexible
- prevent a recurrence of the problem
Avoid sports or heavy lifting until you have less discomfort and good movement. Remember to warm up fully before you start sporting activities.
Recommended Reading: Knee Pads And Elbow Pads For Roller Skating
Prevention Tips For Knee Injuries
- Warm up joints and muscles by gently going through the motions of your sport or activity and stretching muscles.
- Wear appropriate footwear.
- Avoid sudden jarring motions.
- Try to turn on the balls of your feet when youre changing direction, rather than twisting through your knees.
- Cool down after exercise by performing light, easy and sustained stretches
- Build up an exercise program slowly over time.
How Do You Describe Your Pain
If you describe your knee pain as throbbing, it could be due to overexertion, as the blood vessels work overtime. It is essential to describe the pain youre noticing, as a throbbing pain may mean something different from clicking, popping, burning, or stinging pain.
It is also essential to describe other features of the pain you are experiencing for example, is it dull and constant? Is it severe only when you move in specific ways? Do you notice it more with daily tasks or physical activity?
Would you describe it as acute or chronic? These are all great questions to keep in mind when investigating the cause of your knee pain.
Also Check: How To Put On Wrist Wraps
How Can I Get Immediate Relief From Knee Pain
Over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen , naproxen sodium , and others may be beneficial in the treatment of knee pain. Some people believe that rubbing their knee with creams containing a numbing agent, such as lidocaine or capsaicin, the substance that causes chili peppers to sizzle, will help.
Youre Trying To Relax
When your body is at rest, you may notice the mild to moderate pains that you could more easily ignore when your mind was preoccupied with busy thoughts during your waking hours.Additionally, when you sleep, your body produces less cortisol. While high cortisol levels can lead to heart disease, healthier levels can help your body reduce inflammation.
Since most joint pains are caused by or worsened by inflammation, moderate amounts of cortisol can help your body manage this inflammation. But when your body is relaxed, such as when youre trying to go to sleep, your body has less cortisol to mitigate the swelling and irritation in your knees.
Read Also: Exercises For Pinched Nerve In Shoulder
Arthritis In Your Knee
Arthritis can happen in any joint in your body, but it’s especially common in your knee. It can make it hard to do things like walk or climb stairs.
Osteoarthritis is one of the most common kinds of arthritis. It’s the “wear and tear” kind that usually affects people over 50. OA happens slowly, and it hurts more over time. The cartilage wears away in your joint, and, just like with runner’s knee, bone rubs on bone and causes pain.
If you have OA, your knee may feel stiff and swollen and you may have trouble bending and straightening it. It’s often worse in the morning or during rainy weather. Your knee may buckle or feel weak.
Find Knee Pain Treatment Near You
Several things can cause sudden knee pain.
If your knee pain doesnt go away, though, you should see a doctor right away.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms, complete a physical exam, and order imaging tests like x-rays or MRIs.
After they can properly diagnose your knee pain, they will discuss your treatment options.
Quick treatment can prevent a short-term knee issue from becoming long-term, chronic pain.
Theres no reason for you to suffer from chronic knee pain, especially when the Ethos Health Group is here to help.
If you want to learn more about what the Ethos Health Group can do for your knee pain, click the button below to schedule a free consultation.
Recommended Reading: Pain Radiating From Wrist To Elbow
Consider Knee Joint Injections
There are several types of knee joint injections that can provide long-term relief from knee pain when more conservative measures have failed. Corticosteroid injections can provide relief from pain and swelling. Hyaluronic injections rejuvenate the cushioning and lubrication in the knee.
Knee joint injections are generally recognized as safe, but there are risks and side effects. Its important to talk to your doctor about all of your options.
How Do You Treat Anterior Knee Pain
Pain in the front of the knee is usually treated successfully without surgery. This may take some time. It is not unusual for the pain to last for many months. Many of you will respond to physical therapy, which should focus on your hips, yes, your hips and pelvic muscles as much as it focuses on your thigh muscles. Runners who focus on a strengthening program might repeat might have a lower incidence of anterior knee pain.
Also Check: Women’s Over Knee Boots
How Is Pfp Syndrome Treated
Someone with patellofemoral pain syndrome needs to limit or completely avoid activities that cause pain. Sometimes a change in training is all that’s needed. For example, someone who usually runs hills to train can try running on a flat, soft surface instead.
A person who has severe pain or pain that interferes with activity needs to rest the knee until the pain is better.
- Put ice or a cold pack on the knee every 12 hours for 15 minutes at a time. Put a thin towel between the ice and your skin to protect it from the cold.
- You can take ibuprofen or naproxen . Follow the directions that come with the medicine for how much to take and how often. Do not take this medicine for longer than about 23 weeks.
An important part of the treatment for PFP syndrome is improving the strength and flexibility of the legs, hips, and core muscles. Health care providers usually recommend going to a physical therapist to make an exercise plan that will help. The plan may include stretching, squats, planks, lunges, and other exercises that improve strength and flexibility of the legs and hips.
The health care provider might also recommend:
It doesn’t happen very often, but sometimes surgery is needed for PFP syndrome.
Tips For Living With And Finding Relief For Your Throbbing Knee Pain
- To better understand what is causing your throbbing knee pain, it is essential to note exactly where the pain occurs in or around the knee.
- It is crucial to describe the pain youre noticing, as a throbbing pain may mean something different from clicking, popping, burning, or stinging.
- You should try your best to alleviate the pain you are experiencing as quickly as possible, so it does not become a more significant issue. You can do some home remedies on your own, such as RICE treatments.
- The National Institutes of Health published a study whererandomized controlled trials were used to test the efficacy of PT treatments in patients with patellofemoral knee pain.
- Whenever you seek advice from a medical professional, the best thing you can do is provide them with as many details regarding your pain as possible.
- Be prepared to provide your doctor with details that could help identify your pain, such as lifestyle, nutrition, physical activity, and any trauma you may have experienced to the affected area.
If you are living with throbbing knee pain, you are not alone. Health Report Live provides you with the information you need to understand and find relief for your knee pain.
If your knee pain is a response to a chronic condition, Health Report Live can also provide you with ways to live a more comfortable life with said condition.
Also Check: Women’s Cold Shoulder Tops
Why Do I Have Pain In The Front Of The Knee
The most common cause of anterior knee pain is often felt to come from a muscular imbalance or a particular pattern of weakness. This will be the case for the majority of you reading this. At least thats what we think is the most common cause. We have come a long way in evaluating runners and other people who present with pain in the front of their knees. They often show the same findings when we use high-speed cameras to videotape them while running or walking. Now, this might be a chicken vs. the egg thing. Right? Which came first, the weakness pattern or the pain? We like to think it was the weakness that came first. We are still working on proving that.
If you are a runner or cyclist, etc then your training may influence your anterior knee pain. If you train too hard, too fast, and too often then you are at a higher risk of developing anterior knee pain. Most amateur runners run too fast on their easy days and too slow on their hard days. Proper base building, for strength, endurance and conditioning our joints to adapt to distance is of paramount importance. Zone 2 running programs are extremely important even for elite runners. Try to keep your training at a continuously progressive pace. You should be slowly increasing the load, distance, or speed over time. Try not to increase your load, eg. distance, speed, etc more than 10% per week. Most runners overuse injuries are training errors.